Guide in Building your NAS Server

NAS Server

If you have really important data and need it to be stored safely and be retrieved in case of loss, then think about having network-attached storage (NAS). You can fine more info here about NAS Servers. This system is flexible and scales out so if you needed to add more storage, you can do it up to what you need. The NAS server also kept every data safe by hard drive arrays redundantly. If you are in the field of photography or cinematography, then the NAS server is basically good for you. Below is your guide on how to build your own NAS server.

Build your own vs. Buy from the market

NAS server is actually available from the market and surprisingly, you can buy it at a low cost. However, building your own server has still certain benefits that buying one does not give.

You understand the best of your NAS server. In case of technical problems and issues arise on your server, then you will be able to troubleshoot it immediately because you understand every component your server has.

You can customize everything. This is important since you will be able to customize your build based on your needs such as developing storage array types.

Cost-effective. Building your own NAS is less cheap than purchasing because you do not have to pay for the additional things you need. Also, you can do sourcing or canvassing of all the components you will be using

Components Needed in Building NAS Hardware

Motherboard. The micro or mini motherboard can be used in building the NAS server. For the NAS Array, it requires a motherboard with 6 SATA ports or more.

CPU. You can choose any CPU you would like since it does need a powerful one.

Memory. An approximately 1 GB of RAM in every 1 TB is required for the NAS server and mostly, 16-24 GB of RAM is used.

Storage. A 16 GB hard drives and flash drives are needed. There are hard drives designed specifically for NAS servers to be superior.

Power Supply. A 300-400 W of a power supply is fine enough for a NAS server.

Casing. Mini case or micro case is enough for NAS servers. A modular case also can be used and is recommended to easily add or remove components.

How to Assemble your NAS Hardware

In assembling NAS, you can do it just like how you build other computer servers. Just keep in mind to be careful and use a strap that is anti-static. When assembling the hardware, you might encounter any of these issues:

Components do not fit with one another. This usually happens when you buy the case online because the inside components may not fit properly.

Not working components. If one component is not working, then the server will not work properly. Be patient in testing each component until you find the root cause of the issue.

Tip in Assembling: Install everything on your motherboard first then install the motherboard to reduce troubleshooting problems. Also, TEST! Don’t get tired and test everything.

Software Set-Up of NAS Server

There is a FreeNAS platform where a complete guide document on how to set up your NAS can be seen. Download it on a 16 GB flash drive or hard drive and directly install it to the server. There are two options you can choose from to set up.

FreeNAS wizard. You can use the FreeNAS setup wizard and it will guide you in the whole process of installation. If you are a newbie in the NAS server, this is the recommended way to set up the NAS server.

Manual Configuration. This will give you full control of your server settings. Use it if you think you are expert enough in this field. You can dominate everything on your server including hostname, users, time zone, and FreeNAS volume. You also have to configure your RAID level and RAID-6 is the recommended type to tolerate at most 2 failures on hard drives.


Now that you have everything you need to know in building your own NAS, think if you are experienced enough and have the time and confidence to build your NAS server. If not, then it is recommended to buy one. If you do, then gather all the things you need and start doing. Always remember also that there is no one perfect way in building your own NAS server. What given above is just the general and simple build but you can do some modifications if you want.

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